As a response to "Joe the Plumber" and his claims of Obama's 3% tax increase on income over $250,000 being called socialism or re-distribution of wealth - the evidence suggests that there has been a LONG history of income re-distribution however it is going from the middle-class to the wealthiest income earners. And this is structurally put into the laws.
To me there is nothing wrong with making a lot of money - however I'm not sure why all the rules are written to the benefit of the wealthiest (and they are!). Well - I know WHY - because the rich and powerful write the laws (or influence the politicians that do). I can't figure out why income your money makes in the stock market is taxed at a lower rate (capital gains) than income people make by laboring day in and day out. I can't figure out why the effective tax on many corporations is ZERO and why the effective tax rate of the wealthiest is less than the upper middle class. If you are at or around the AMT line - you are paying THE HIGHEST EFFECTIVE TAX RATE!
Quick side rant - I personally believe most financial companies are merely siphoning money out of the middle class and consolidating it into the hands of very few - which is why I manage all of my own finances and investing. Maybe said a better way - I'm not convinced that financial firms are actually adding value to the economy as a whole.
On the flip side - I also can't figure out why more than 50% of Americans don't have any federal tax liability when they use public services too - but you can see how the standard deduction was put in to offset everything else in this article below.
I hope we drastically change the tax code for individuals and businesses to make it a straight calculation based on income - and then you'll find the tax rate will be MUCH lower because there will be no loop holes or deductions for some and not for others.
Eleven charts that explain everything that's wrong with America.